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1. UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2016 Edition For more information see: Facts & Figures section at mkt.unwto.org http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

7. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition 7 Regional results Europe – Strong growth for mature region International tourist arrivals in Europe grew by 5% in 2015 to reach a total of 608 million, just over half the world’s total (51%). Europe was the fastest growing region in absolute terms, with 27 million more tourists than in 2014. This is a remarkable result considering the maturity and size of many European destinations. International tourism receipts grew by 3% in real terms to US$ 451 billion (euro 406 billion), representing 36% of worldwide receipts. A weaker euro in 2015 has boosted the region’s appeal to non-euro markets, and the recovery of many European economies has fuelled intra-regional tourism. Northern Europe recorded a 7% growth in international arrivals in 2015, with most destinations turning in robust results. Arrivals to Iceland increased by 29%, while Ireland and Sweden also boasted double-digit growth. The subregion’s largest destination, the United Kingdom, recorded a 6% increase in arrivals, despite the stronger pound, making the UK more expensive for euro area source markets. Central and Eastern Europe (+5%) returned to growth in 2015 after a decline in 2014. Tajikistan (+94%) virtually doubled its international arrivals in 2015, albeit from a low base. Hungary (+18%), Romania, Slovakia (both +17%) and Latvia (+10%) all recorded double-digit growth too. The Russian Federation, the subregion’s largest destination, reported a 5% increase in visitors, boosted by the cheaper rouble. The Czech Republic and Poland both also grew by 5%. International arrivals in Southern and Mediterranean Europe grew by 5% in 2015. Spain, the subregion’s top destination and Europe’s second largest, posted 5% growth, receiving a record 68 million international arrivals. Other established destinations, Andorra (+13%), Slovenia (+12%), Portugal (+10%), Croatia, Cyprus (both +9%), Greece (+7%) and Malta (+6%) also reported strong results. Italy received 4% more arrivals after hosting the 2015 Expo in Milan. Emerging destinations Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, FYR Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia all reported double-digit increases. Growth was more moderate in Western Europe (+3%). In France (+1%), the world’s top tourism destination, and Belgium (+2%), the terrorist attacks in Paris and the ensuing ‘lockdown’ in Brussels had a negative impact on full-year results. By contrast, the Netherlands (+8%), Germany and Austria (both +6%) reported solid increases. In Switzerland arrivals grew by 2%. Asia and the Pacific Uneven results across destinations Asia and the Pacific welcomed 279 million international tourist arrivals in 2015, 15 million more than in 2014, corresponding to a 6% growth. The region earned US$ 418 billion in international tourism receipts, an increase of 4% in real terms. Asia and the Pacific accounts for 24% of the world’s arrivals and 33% of receipts. By subregion, South-East Asia (+8% in arrivals) and Oceania (+7%) recorded the strongest growth. South-East Asia’s top destination, Thailand (+20%) rebounded strongly in 2015, welcoming 5 million more international tourists. Myanmar (+52%) also saw a surge in arrivals last year, although from a lower base. Laos (+12%), the Philippines (+11%) and Indonesia (+10%) also enjoyed double-digit growth. Cambodia received 6% more arrivals, while Singapore (+2%) and Vietnam (+1%) reported more moderate results. Oceania enjoyed a solid 7% increase in arrivals in 2015, boosted by the subregion’s top destinations New Zealand (+10%) and Australia (+8%). Among Pacific island destinations, Palau (+15%), Samoa (+11%), Fiji (+9%), New Caledonia (+6%), Guam (+5%) and the Northern Mariana Islands (+4%) all turned in good results. Results were more uneven in North-East Asia (+4%) with strong growth in a few destinations and declines in others. Japan reported an exceptional 47% increase, receiving 6 million more international arrivals to hit the 20 million mark. Taiwan (pr. of China) recorded 5% more arrivals in 2015, while Asia’s top destination, China, reported a 2% increase. By contrast, the Chinese Special Administrative Regions (SARs), Hong Kong and Macao, both reported declines, mostly due to their strong currencies, while the Republic of Korea struggled with the impact of the MERS outbreak. International arrivals in South Asia increased by 4%, driven by the subregion’s top destination India (+5%). Sri Lanka enjoyed an increase of 18% in its sixth straight year of double-digit growth, while the Maldives reported a more modest 2% growth. Arrivals in Nepal declined last year following the earthquake in April. The Americas – Continued growth in 2015 Following the strong results recorded in 2014, international tourist arrivals in the Americas grew by 11 million (+6%) in 2015 to reach 193 million (16% of arrivals worldwide). International tourism receipts increased by 8% in real terms to US$ 304 billion (24% of receipts worldwide). Many destinations benefited from the appreciation of the US dollar, driving tourism demand from the United States, with the Caribbean and Central America (both +7%) leading growth. North America, which accounts for two-thirds of the Americas’ total, received 6% more international arrivals. Mexico and Canada (both +9%) enjoyed robust growth driven by US demand. Growth was more modest in the United States itself (+3%) due to the stronger dollar, making the destination more expensive to virtually all of its source markets. In the Caribbean (+7%), growth was driven by Cuba (+18%), Aruba (+14%), Barbados (+14%), Haiti (+11%), the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico (both +9%). Results for the Bahamas (+3%) and Jamaica (+2%) were, however, weaker. In Central America, international arrivals were up by 7% to exceed 10 million for the first time. Panama led this growth with a 21% increase in arrivals. Belize welcomed 6% more arrivals, Costa Rica and Honduras both 5%, El Salvador and Nicaragua both 4%, and Guatemala 1%. International arrivals in South America increased by 6% in 2015, but with rather mixed results across destinations. Paraguay almost doubled its arrivals, although from a lower base, and Chile (+22%) and Colombia (+16%) also enjoyed double-digit growth. Peru and Uruguay welcomed 7% and 3% more arrivals respectively, while Argentina and Brazil both reported slight declines. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

11. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition 11 Destinations International tourist arrivals International tourism receipts (1000) Change (%) Share (%) (US$ million) Share (%) Series 2010 2013 2014 2015* 13/12 14/13 15*/14 2015* 2010 2013 2014 2015* 2015* Africa 50,426 54,693 55,309 53,466 4.4 1.1 -3.3 100 31,183 35,562 36,125 33,069 100 North Africa 19,682 20,722 20,431 18,031 5.8 -1.4 -11.7 33.7 9,662 10,063 10,640 8,555 25.9 Algeria VF 2,070 2,733 2,301 1,710 3.7 -15.8 -25.7 3.2 220 250 258 .. .. Morocco TF 9,288 10,046 10,283 10,177 7.2 2.4 -1.0 19.0 6,703 6,849 7,056 6,003 18.2 Sudan TF 495 591 684 .. 2.9 15.7 .. .. 94 773 967 949 2.9 Tunisia TF 7,828 7,352 7,163 5,359 5.0 -2.6 -25.2 10.0 2,645 2,191 2,359 1,354 4.1 Subsaharan Africa 30,743 33,971 34,877 35,435 3.6 2.7 1.6 66.3 21,521 25,499 25,484 24,514 74.1 Angola TF 425 650 595 .. 23.1 -8.4 .. .. 719 1,234 1,589 .. .. Benin TF 199 231 242 .. 5.0 4.8 .. .. 149 189 151 .. .. Botswana TF 1,973 1,544 1,966 .. -4.3 27.3 .. .. 779 885 977 948 2.9 Burkina Faso THS 274 218 191 .. -8.0 -12.4 .. .. 72 153 135 .. .. Burundi TF 142 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2 2 4 .. .. Cameroon TF 569 912 .. .. 12.3 .. .. .. 159 576 .. .. .. Cabo Verde THS 336 503 494 520 4.3 -1.8 5.3 1.0 278 462 405 351 1.1 Centr. African Rep. TF 54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. .. .. .. Chad THS 71 100 122 .. 16.3 22.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Comoros TF 15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 48 51 .. .. Congo THS 194 343 373 .. 34.0 8.7 .. .. 63 38 .. .. .. Côte d'Ivoire VF 252 380 471 .. 31.5 23.9 .. .. 201 181 184 .. .. Dem. Rep. Congo TF 81 191 .. .. 14.4 .. .. .. 11 8 45 0,1 0.0 Djibouti TF 51 63 .. .. 5.0 .. .. .. 9 19 21 .. .. Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Eritrea VF 84 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Ethiopia TF 468 681 770 .. 14.2 13.1 .. .. 522 621 351 394 1.2 Gabon TF .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Gambia TF 91 171 156 .. 8.8 -8.9 .. .. 74 .. .. .. .. Ghana TF 931 994 1,093 .. 10.0 10.0 .. .. 620 853 897 819 2.5 Guinea TF 12 56 33 35 -41.7 -41.1 6.1 0.1 2 .. .. .. .. Guinea-Bissau TF 22 36 36 44 0.3 1.7 21.3 0.1 13 17 21 .. .. Kenya TF 1,470 1,433 1,261 1,114 -11.5 -12.0 -11.7 2.1 800 881 811 723 2.2 Lesotho TF 414 320 .. .. 0.9 .. .. .. 23 17 16 13 0.0 Liberia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. 91 .. .. Madagascar TF 196 196 222 244 -23.3 13.2 9.9 0.5 307 574 .. .. .. Malawi TF 746 795 .. .. 3.2 .. .. .. 31 28 31 37 0.1 Mali TF 169 142 168 .. 6.0 18.3 .. .. 205 178 212 .. .. Mauritania TF .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 37 29 0.1 Mauritius TF 935 993 1,039 1,152 2.9 4.6 10.9 2.2 1,282 1,321 1,447 1,432 4.3 Mozambique TF 1,718 1,886 1,661 1,552 -10.7 -11.9 -6.6 2.9 108 199 207 193 0.6 Namibia TF 984 1,176 1,320 .. 9.0 12.2 .. .. 438 411 413 378 1.1 Niger TF 74 123 135 135 31.0 9.2 -0.1 0.3 105 58 90 .. .. Nigeria TF 1,555 600 .. .. 23.5 .. .. .. 576 542 543 404 1.2 Reunion TF 421 416 406 426 -6.8 -2.5 5.1 0.8 392 403 387 339 1.0 Rwanda TF 504 864 926 .. 6.0 7.2 .. .. 202 294 304 318 1.0 São Tomé & Príncipe TF 8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 31 56 52 0.2 Senegal TF 900 1,063 836 .. 10.5 -21.4 .. .. 453 439 423 .. .. Seychelles TF 175 230 233 276 10.7 1.0 18.7 0.5 343 430 398 392 1.2 Sierra Leone TF 39 81 44 24 36.0 -46.2 -45.6 0.0 26 66 35 23 0.1 Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. South Africa TF 8,074 9,537 9,549 8,904 3.8 0.1 -6.8 16.7 9,070 9,238 9,348 8,235 24.9 Swaziland TF 868 968 .. .. 9.0 .. .. .. 51 13 15 .. .. Tanzania TF 754 1,063 1,113 .. 1.9 4.7 .. .. 1,255 1,880 2,010 2,231 6.7 Togo THS 202 327 282 273 39.1 -13.8 -3.2 0.5 66 125 125 .. .. Uganda TF 946 1,206 1,266 .. 0.8 4.9 .. .. 784 1,334 791 1,149 3.5 Zambia TF 815 915 947 .. 6.5 3.5 .. .. 492 552 642 .. .. Zimbabwe VF 2,239 1,833 1,880 2,057 2.1 2.6 9.4 3.8 634 856 827 886 2.7 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) For main concepts, definitions and classifications for the measurement of tourism, please see: International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008 (IRTS 2008) at statistics.unwto.org/content/irts-2008. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

12. 12 UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition Outbound tourism Most tourists visit destinations within their own region The large majority of international travel takes place within travellers’ own regions, with about four out of five arrivals worldwide originating in the same region. Source markets for international tourism have traditionally been concentrated largely in the advanced economies of Europe, the Americas and Asia and the Pacific. However, with rising levels of disposable income many emerging economies have also shown fast growth over recent years, especially in the markets of Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. Europe is currently still the world’s largest source region, generating half of the world’s international arrivals, followed by Asia and the Pacific (24%), the Americas (17%), the Middle East (3%) and Africa (3%). Destinations International tourist arrivals International tourism receipts (1000) Change (%) Share (%) (US$ million) Share (%) Series 2010 2013 2014 2015* 13/12 14/13 15*/14 2015* 2010 2013 2014 2015* 2015* Middle East 54,699 49,127 52,440 53,330 -2.9 6.7 1.7 100 52,150 46,580 51,566 54,380 100 Bahrain THS 995 1,069 838 .. 5.4 -21.6 .. .. 1,362 1,165 1,197 .. .. Egypt TF 14,051 9,174 9,628 9,139 -18.1 5.0 -5.1 17.1 12,528 6,047 7,208 6,065 11.2 Iraq VF 1,518 892 .. .. -19.7 .. .. .. 1,660 .. .. .. .. Jordan TF 4,207 3,945 3,990 3,763 -5.2 1.1 -5.7 7.1 3,585 4,117 4,375 4,065 7.5 Kuwait THS 207 307 198 .. 2.0 -35.4 .. .. 290 298 369 499 0.9 Lebanon TF 2,168 1,274 1,355 1,518 -6.7 6.3 12.1 2.8 7,995 6,492 6,523 6,857 12.6 Libya TF .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 .. .. .. .. Oman TF 1,441 1,392 1,519 .. 12.2 9.1 .. .. 780 1,295 1,376 1,540 2.8 Palestine THS 522 545 556 432 11.3 1.9 -22.3 0.8 667 789 603 .. 1.7 Qatar TF 1,700 2,611 2,826 2,930 11.3 8.2 3.7 5.5 584 3,456 4,591 5,035 9.3 Saudi Arabia TF 10,850 15,772 18,260 17,994 -3.4 15.8 -1.5 33.7 6,712 7,651 8,238 10,130 18.6 Syria TF 8,546 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6,190 .. .. .. .. Utd. Arab Emirates THS 7,432 9,990 .. .. 11.3 .. .. .. 8,577 12,389 13,969 16,038 29.5 Yemen TF 1,025 990 .. .. 13.3 .. .. .. 1,161 940 1,026 .. .. Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) Africa – Gradually returning to growth International tourist arrivals in Africa are estimated to have decreased by 3% in 2015 as the region continued to struggle with health and security challenges, as well as slower economic growth due to lower oil and commodity prices. Africa welcomed 53 million international tourists and earned US$ 33 billion in international tourism receipts (+2% in real terms) to maintain a 5% share in worldwide arrivals and a 3% share in tourism receipts. These figures should, however, be interpreted with caution, as results are still based on comparatively limited data. In North Africa (-12%), international arrivals in Tunisia and Algeria declined considerably in 2015 as a result of the various acts of terrorism. The subregion’s largest destination, Morocco, reported a slight decrease, mainly due to a decrease in arrivals from its major source market, France. International arrivals in Subsaharan Africa (+2%) gradually improved throughout 2015 and returned to growth in September. Results were mixed, with the subregion’s largest destination, South Africa, receiving fewer arrivals, partly due to new visa rules, while Kenya, Togo, Mozambique and Sierra Leone also reported declines. By contrast, most island destinations performed rather well in 2015, with the Seychelles (+19%), Mauritius (+11%) and Madagascar (+10%) all boasting double-digit growth and Reunion and Cabo Verde both recording a 5% increase in arrivals. Zimbabwe (+9%) also reported robust growth. Middle East – Consolidating recovery International tourist arrivals in the Middle East (+2%) are estimated to have grown by 1 million in 2015, increasing the total to 53 million. The region has consolidated the rebound that started in 2014, when arrivals increased by 7%, following three years of decline. International tourism receipts increased by 4% in real terms to US$ 54 billion. The Middle East has a share of over 4% in both worldwide arrivals and receipts. Growth was driven by intraregional demand from member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Oman (+16%) and Lebanon (+12%) both recorded double-digit growth in international arrivals in 2015 as they continued their rebound from the weaker results in the early 2010s. Qatar posted a 4% increase, making it the only country in the region that has maintained consistent growth for over a decade. The region’s leading destination, Saudi Arabia, reported a small decline (-1%). Egypt reported a 5% decrease in arrivals in 2015 as a result of various incidents. Jordan and Palestine also received fewer arrivals. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

9. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition 9 Destinations International tourist arrivals International tourism receipts (1000) Change (%) Share (%) (US$ million) Share (%) Series 2010 2013 2014 2015* 13/12 14/13 15*/14 2015* 2010 2013 2014 2015* 2015* Asia and the Pacific 205,505 249,925 264,293 279,214 6.9 5.7 5.6 100 275,681 396,614 420,067 418,270 100 North-East Asia 111,508 126,989 136,276 142,075 3.4 7.3 4.3 50.9 148,338 219,375 237,965 236,669 56.6 China TF 55,665 55,686 55,622 56,886 -3.5 -0.1 2.3 20.4 45,814 51,664 105,380 114,109 27.3 Hong Kong (China) TF 20,085 25,661 27,770 26,686 8.0 8.2 -3.9 9.6 22,200 38,934 38,376 36,150 8.6 Japan VF 8,611 10,364 13,413 19,737 24.0 29.4 47.1 7.1 13,199 15,131 18,853 24,983 6.0 Korea (DPRK) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Korea (ROK) VF 8,798 12,176 14,202 13,232 9.3 16.6 -6.8 4.7 10,328 14,629 17,836 15,285 3.7 Macao (China) TF 11,926 14,268 14,566 14,308 5.1 2.1 -1.8 5.1 22,151 43,023 42,552 31,303 7.5 Mongolia TF 456 418 393 386 -12.2 -6.0 -1.7 0.1 244 189 173 250 0.1 Taiwan (pr. of China) VF 5,567 8,016 9,910 10,440 9.6 23.6 5.3 3.7 8,721 12,323 14,614 14,406 3.4 South-East Asia 70,473 94,475 97,263 104,629 11.3 3.0 7.6 37.5 68,546 107,883 108,094 108,263 25.9 Brunei TF 214 225 201 218 7.6 -10.6 8.5 0.1 .. 96 79 .. .. Cambodia TF 2,508 4,210 4,503 4,775 17.5 7.0 6.1 1.7 1,519 2,659 2,953 3,130 0.7 Indonesia TF 7,003 8,802 9,435 10,408 9.4 7.2 10.3 3.7 6,958 9,119 10,261 10,761 2.6 Laos TF 1,670 2,700 3,164 3,543 17.9 17.2 12.0 1.3 382 596 642 679 0.2 Malaysia TF 24,577 25,715 27,437 25,721 2.7 6.7 -6.3 9.2 18,115 21,496 22,595 17,597 4.2 Myanmar TF 792 2,044 3,081 4,681 93.0 50.7 51.9 1.7 72 959 1,612 2,092 0.5 Philippines TF 3,520 4,681 4,833 5,361 9.6 3.2 10.9 1.9 2,645 4,690 5,030 5,276 1.3 Singapore TF 9,161 11,898 11,864 12,052 7.2 -0.3 1.6 4.3 14,177 19,209 19,134 16,743 4.0 Thailand TF 15,936 26,547 24,810 29,881 18.8 -6.5 20.4 10.7 20,104 41,780 38,423 44,553 10.7 Timor-Leste TF 40 79 60 .. 36.2 -24.3 .. .. 31 29 35 51 0.0 Vietnam VF 5,050 7,572 7,874 7,944 10.6 4.0 0.9 2.8 4,450 7,250 7,330 7,301 1.7 Oceania 11,387 12,495 13,259 14,242 4.6 6.1 7.4 5.1 38,725 42,764 44,617 41,916 10.0 American Samoa TF 23 21 22 .. -8.0 3.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Australia VF 5,790 6,382 6,884 7,444 5.8 7.9 8.1 2.7 28,598 31,261 31,935 29,413 7.0 Cook Islands TF 104 121 121 125 -1.2 0.6 3.0 0.0 111 168 175 .. .. Fiji TF 632 658 693 755 -0.4 5.3 9.0 0.3 634 716 744 744 0.2 French Polynesia TF 154 164 181 184 -2.7 9.9 1.8 0.1 406 458 510 .. .. Guam TF 1,197 1,334 1,343 1,409 2.0 0.6 4.9 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. Kiribati TF 5 6 .. .. 19.6 .. .. .. 4 3 3 .. .. Marshall Islands TF 5 5 .. .. 13.7 .. .. .. 4 4 5 .. .. Micronesia FSM TF 45 42 35 .. 10.1 -15.8 .. .. 24 24 25 .. .. N. Mariana Islands VF 379 439 460 479 9.4 4.7 4.1 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. New Caledonia TF 99 108 107 114 -4.0 -0.5 6.3 0.0 129 168 184 .. .. New Zealand TF 2,435 2,629 2,772 .. 6.3 5.4 .. .. 6,522 7,396 8,424 8,910 2.1 Niue TF 6 7 7 .. 39.6 5.2 .. .. 2 .. .. .. .. Palau TF 86 105 141 162 -11.5 34.0 15.0 0.1 73 113 127 .. .. Papua New Guinea TF 140 174 182 .. 3.6 4.6 .. .. 2 4 3 .. .. Samoa TF 122 116 120 134 -8.1 4.1 10.9 0.0 123 136 146 137 0.0 Solomon Islands TF 21 24 20 22 2.1 -17.9 7.3 0.0 44 61 55 47 0.0 Tonga TF 47 48 50 54 1.5 4.7 6.6 0.0 27 45 .. .. .. Tuvalu TF 2 1 1 .. 27.8 8.8 .. .. 2 2 .. .. .. Vanuatu TF 97 110 109 90 1.8 -1.2 -17.3 0.0 217 287 257 .. .. South Asia 12,137 15,966 17,495 18,269 12.1 9.6 4.4 6.5 20,072 26,593 29,390 31,423 7.5 Afghanistan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 86 151 84 .. .. Bangladesh TF 303 148 125 .. 18.4 -15.5 .. .. 87 129 153 148 0.0 Bhutan TF 41 116 133 155 10.2 14.9 16.2 0.1 35 63 73 71 0.0 India TF 5,776 6,968 7,679 8,027 5.9 10.2 4.5 2.9 14,490 18,397 19,700 21,013 5.0 Iran VF 2,938 4,769 4,967 5,237 24.4 4.2 5.4 1.9 2,438 3,076 3,483 .. .. Maldives TF 792 1,125 1,205 1,234 17.4 7.1 2.4 0.4 1,713 2,335 2,696 2,567 0.6 Nepal TF 603 798 790 555 -0.7 -0.9 -29.8 0.2 343 438 487 481 0.1 Pakistan TF 907 565 965 .. -14.9 70.8 .. .. 305 288 283 315 0.1 Sri Lanka TF 654 1,275 1,527 1,798 26.7 19.8 17.8 0.6 576 1,715 2,431 2,981 0.7 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see below for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) Series of International tourist arrivals and departures: TF = International tourist arrivals at frontiers (overnight visitors, i.e. excluding same-day visitors) VF = International visitors arrivals at frontiers (tourists and same-day visitors) THS = International tourists arrivals at hotel and similar establishments TCE = International tourists arrivals at collective tourism establishments TD = Departures of tourists (overnight visitors, i.e. excluding same-day visitors) VD = Departures of both overnight and same-day visitors * = Provisional figure or data .. = Figure or data not (yet) available I = Change of series n/a = Not applicable . = Decimal separator , = Thousands separator http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

10. 10 UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition Destinations International tourist arrivals International tourism receipts (1000) Change (%) Share (%) (US$ million) Share (%) Series 2010 2013 2014 2015* 13/12 14/13 15*/14 2015* 2010 2013 2014 2015* 2015* Americas 150,195 167,560 181,851 192,564 3.0 8.5 5.9 100 215,186 269,044 288,008 303,650 100 North America 99,520 110,205 120,904 127,574 3.6 9.7 5.5 66.3 164,831 209,089 224,978 238,485 78.5 Canada TF 16,219 16,059 16,537 17,970 -1.7 3.0 8.7 9.3 15,829 17,656 17,445 16,229 5.3 Mexico TF 23,290 24,151 29,346 32,093 3.2 21.5 9.4 16.7 11,992 13,949 16,208 17,734 5.8 United States TF 60,010 69,995 75,022 77,510 5.0 7.2 3.3 40.3 137,010 177,484 191,325 204,523 67.4 Caribbean 19,539 21,111 22,282 23,941 2.7 5.5 7.4 12.4 22,809 25,349 26,701 28,100 9.3 Anguilla TF 62 69 71 73 6.8 2.7 3.2 0.0 99 121 123 127 0.0 Antigua & Barbuda TF 230 243 249 250 -1.5 2.5 0.5 0.1 298 322 330 333 0.1 Aruba TF 825 979 1,072 1,225 8.3 9.5 14.3 0.6 1,251 1,495 1,605 1,652 0.5 Bahamas TF 1,370 1,366 1,427 1,472 -4.0 4.5 3.1 0.8 2,163 2,285 2,308 2,379 0.8 Barbados TF 532 509 520 592 -5.2 2.2 13.9 0.3 1,038 964 888 922 0.3 Bermuda TF 232 236 224 220 1.8 -5.1 -2.0 0.1 442 440 401 386 0.1 Brit. Virgin Islands TF 330 366 386 393 4.2 5.4 1.8 0.2 389 421 459 484 0.2 Cayman Islands TF 288 345 383 385 7.4 10.8 0.7 0.2 485 500 565 .. .. Cuba TF 2,507 2,829 2,970 3,491 0.5 5.0 17.5 1.8 2,187 2,325 2,367 .. .. Curaçao TF 342 441 455 468 4.7 3.1 3.1 0.2 385 583 635 609 0.2 Dominica TF 77 78 82 74 -0.9 4.1 -8.6 0.0 94 103 127 128 0.0 Dominican Rep. TF 4,125 4,690 5,141 5,600 2.8 9.6 8.9 2.9 4,163 5,064 5,630 6,118 2.0 Grenada TF 110 116 134 141 0.2 14.7 5.4 0.1 112 119 128 137 0.0 Guadeloupe TCE 392 487 486 .. 49.8 -0.2 .. .. 510 671 .. .. .. Haiti TF 255 420 465 516 20.2 10.8 10.9 0.3 383 546 578 609 0.2 Jamaica TF 1,922 2,008 2,080 2,123 1.1 3.6 2.1 1.1 2,001 2,074 2,255 2,379 0.8 Martinique TF 476 490 490 487 0.5 0.0 -0.4 0.3 472 484 483 .. .. Montserrat TF 6 7 9 9 -1.5 22.2 1.6 0.0 6 6 6 6 0.0 Puerto Rico TF 3,186 3,172 3,246 3,542 3.4 2.3 9.1 1.8 3,211 3,311 3,439 3,825 1.3 Saint Lucia TF 306 319 338 345 3.9 6.1 2.0 0.2 309 347 360 373 0.1 St. Kitts & Nevis TF 98 107 113 118 2.6 5.6 4.4 0.1 90 100 104 109 0.0 St. Maarten TF 443 467 500 505 2.2 7.1 1.1 0.3 674 857 906 936 0.3 St. Vincent & Gren. TF 72 72 71 75 -3.5 -1.4 6.6 0.0 86 97 101 104 0.0 Trinidad & Tobago TF 388 434 413 440 -4.5 -5.0 6.6 0.2 450 .. .. .. .. Turks & Caicos TF 281 291 357 386 -0.4 22.9 8.1 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. US Virgin Islands TF 590 570 602 .. -1.8 5.6 .. .. 1,013 1,232 .. .. .. Central America 7,908 9,087 9,592 10,276 2.6 5.6 7.1 5.3 6,946 9,899 10,623 11,510 3.8 Belize TF 242 294 321 341 6.1 9.2 6.2 0.2 249 351 374 408 0.1 Costa Rica TF 2,100 2,428 2,527 2,660 3.6 4.1 5.3 1.4 2,246 2,928 3,061 3,326 1.1 El Salvador TF 1,150 1,283 1,345 1,402 2.2 4.9 4.2 0.7 390 621 822 817 0.3 Guatemala TF 1,219 1,331 1,455 1,464 2.0 9.3 0.6 0.8 1,378 1,481 1,564 1,580 0.5 Honduras TF 863 863 868 914 -3.5 0.6 5.2 0.5 626 608 630 650 0.2 Nicaragua TF 1,011 1,229 1,330 1,386 4.2 8.2 4.3 0.7 313 417 445 529 0.2 Panama TF 1,324 1,658 1,745 2,109 3.2 5.2 20.9 1.1 1,745 3,493 3,728 4,199 1.4 South America 23,229 27,158 29,073 30,773 1.4 7.1 5.8 16.0 20,599 24,707 25,706 25,555 8.4 Argentina TF 5,325 5,246 5,931 5,736 -6.1 13.1 -3.3 3.0 4,942 4,313 4,624 4,400 1.4 Bolivia TF 679 798 871 .. 0.0 9.1 .. .. 379 574 652 711 0.2 Brazil TF 5,161 5,813 6,430 6,306 2.4 10.6 -1.9 3.3 5,261 6,474 6,843 5,844 1.9 Chile TF 2,801 3,576 3,674 4,478 0.6 2.7 21.9 2.3 1,645 2,181 2,259 2,408 0.8 Colombia TF 2,385 2,288 2,565 2,978 5.2 12.1 16.1 1.5 2,797 3,611 3,825 4,245 1.4 Ecuador VF 1,047 1,364 1,557 1,542 7.2 14.1 -0.9 0.8 781 1,246 1,482 1,551 0.5 French Guiana TF 189 180 185 199 -3.7 2.8 7.6 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. Guyana TF 152 200 206 207 13.2 2.9 0.5 0.1 80 77 79 65 0.0 Paraguay TF 465 610 649 1,215 5.3 6.4 87.2 0.6 217 273 284 484 0.2 Peru TF 2,299 3,164 3,215 3,456 11.2 1.6 7.5 1.8 2,008 3,009 3,077 3,320 1.1 Suriname TF 205 249 252 228 3.8 1.0 -9.5 0.1 61 84 95 88 0.0 Uruguay TF 2,349 2,684 2,682 2,773 -0.4 -0.1 3.4 1.4 1,509 1,921 1,757 1,777 0.6 Venezuela TF 526 986 857 .. -0.2 -13.1 .. .. 831 858 643 575 0.2 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) For the latest tourism trends, see the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer at mkt.unwto.org/barometer. For tourism statistics online, see the UNWTO e-library at www.e-unwto.org. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

8. 8 UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition Destinations International tourist arrivals International tourism receipts (1000) Change (%) Share (%) (US$ million) Share (%) Series 2010 2013 2014 2015* 13/12 14/13 15*/14 2015* 2010 2013 2014 2015* 2015* Europe 489,359 567,109 580,238 607,727 4.8 2.3 4.7 100 412,183 492,764 513,535 450,731 100 Northern Europe 62,845 67,243 70,799 75,948 2.4 5.3 7.3 12.5 59,853 75,440 82,478 78,395 15.3 Denmark TF 8,744 8,557 10,267 .. 1.4 20.0 .. .. 5,853 7,028 7,632 6,623 1.4 Finland TCE 2,319 2,797 2,731 2,622 0.7 -2.3 -4.0 0.4 3,051 4,050 3,594 2,750 0.6 Iceland TF 489 807 998 1,289 20.0 23.6 29.2 0.2 561 1,077 1,362 1,579 0.4 Ireland TF 7,134 8,260 8,813 .. 9.4 6.7 .. .. 4,118 4,476 4,857 4,793 1.1 Norway TF/TCE 4,767 4,778 4,855 .. 5.3 1.6 .. .. 4,707 5,642 5,639 4,952 1.1 Sweden TCE/TF 4,951 10,980 10,522 .. -11.3 -4.2 .. .. 8,671 11,544 12,856 12,235 2.7 United Kingdom TF 28,296 31,064 32,613 34,436 6.1 5.0 5.6 5.7 32,892 41,624 46,539 45,464 10.1 Western Europe 154,362 170,757 174,398 179,964 2.8 2.1 3.2 29.6 142,318 166,818 173,672 146,397 32.5 Austria TCE 22,004 24,813 25,291 26,719 2.7 1.9 5.6 4.4 18,596 20,236 20,824 18,303 4.1 Belgium TCE 7,186 7,684 7,887 8,033 1.6 2.6 1.8 1.3 11,425 13,274 13,921 11,736 2.6 France TF 77,648 83,634 83,701 84,452 2.0 0.1 0.9 13.9 47,013 56,562 58,150 45,920 10.2 Germany TCE 26,875 31,545 33,005 34,972 3.7 4.6 6.0 5.8 34,679 41,279 43,321 36,867 8.2 Liechtenstein TCE 64 60 61 57 -4.4 2.7 -7.5 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. Luxembourg TCE 793 945 1,038 1,090 -0.6 9.9 4.9 0.2 4,149 4,950 5,314 4,161 0.9 Monaco THS 279 328 329 331 12.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. Netherlands TCE 10,883 12,782 13,926 15,007 4.7 9.0 7.8 2.5 11,732 13,737 14,704 13,211 2.9 Switzerland THS 8,628 8,967 9,158 9,305 4.7 2.1 1.6 1.5 14,724 16,779 17,439 16,198 3.6 Central/Eastern Europe 98,895 128,127 120,193 126,610 7.7 -6.2 5.3 20.8 48,314 60,973 58,214 50,146 11.1 Armenia TF 687 1,082 1,204 1,192 12.4 11.3 -1.0 0.2 646 880 966 936 0.2 Azerbaijan TF 1,280 2,130 2,160 1,922 7.2 1.4 -11.0 0.3 657 2,365 2,432 2,309 0.5 Belarus TCE 677 966 973 .. 1.2 0.7 .. .. 440 791 868 734 0.2 Bulgaria TF 6,047 6,897 7,311 .. 5.5 6.0 .. .. 3,407 3,837 3,908 3,146 0.7 Czech Republic TF 8,629 10,300 10,617 11,148 1.7 3.1 5.0 1.8 7,172 7,042 6,822 6,048 1.3 Estonia TF 2,372 2,873 2,917 2,763 4.7 1.5 -5.3 0.5 1,073 1,629 1,814 1,500 0.3 Georgia TF 1,067 2,065 2,229 2,279 15.4 7.9 2.2 0.4 659 1,720 1,787 1,936 0.4 Hungary TF 9,510 10,624 12,140 14,316 2.6 14.3 17.9 2.4 5,628 5,366 5,872 5,344 1.2 Kazakhstan TF 2,991 4,926 4,560 .. 11.0 -7.4 .. .. 1,005 1,522 1,467 1,625 0.4 Kyrgyzstan VF 855 3,076 2,849 .. 27.8 -7.4 .. .. 160 530 423 426 0.1 Latvia TF 1,373 1,536 1,843 2,024 7.0 20.0 9.8 0.3 642 864 956 895 0.2 Lithuania TF 1,507 2,012 2,063 2,071 5.9 2.5 0.4 0.3 967 1,375 1,384 1,147 0.3 Poland TF 12,470 15,800 16,000 16,728 6.5 1.3 4.6 2.8 9,576 11,344 11,234 9,728 2.2 Rep. Moldova TCE 64 96 94 94 7.5 -1.8 0.5 0.0 163 226 229 210 0.0 Romania TCE 1,343 1,715 1,912 2,235 3.7 11.5 16.9 0.4 1,140 1,590 1,832 1,704 0.4 Russian Federation TF 20,262 28,356 29,848 31,346 10.2 5.3 5.0 5.2 8,831 11,988 11,759 8,465 1.9 Slovakia TF 5,415 6,816 .. .. 9.3 .. .. .. 2,233 2,556 2,578 2,363 0.5 Tajikistan VF 160 208 213 414 -14.8 2.5 94.0 0.1 4 3 1 1 0.0 Turkmenistan TF .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Ukraine TF 21,203 24,671 12,712 12,428 7.2 -48.5 -2.2 2.0 3,788 5,083 1,612 1,082 0.2 Uzbekistan TF 975 1,969 .. .. .. .. .. .. 121 .. .. .. .. Southern/Medit. Europe 173,258 200,981 214,849 225,205 5.6 6.9 4.8 37.1 161,699 189,534 199,170 175,793 39.0 Albania TF 2,191 2,857 3,341 3,784 -9.5 16.9 13.3 0.6 1,613 1,473 1,705 1,500 0.3 Andorra TF 1,808 2,328 2,363 2,670 4.0 1.5 13.0 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. Bosnia & Herzg. TCE 365 529 536 678 20.5 1.5 26.5 0.1 594 686 707 656 0.1 Croatia TCE 9,111 10,948 11,623 12,683 5.6 6.2 9.1 2.1 8,075 9,524 9,865 8,833 2.0 Cyprus TF 2,173 2,405 2,441 2,659 -2.4 1.5 8.9 0.4 2,129 2,893 2,846 2,479 0.5 FYR Macedonia TCE 262 400 425 486 13.8 6.4 14.2 0.1 197 267 295 267 0.1 Greece TF 15,007 17,920 22,033 23,599 15.5 23.0 7.1 3.9 12,742 16,140 17,793 15,673 3.5 Israel TF 2,803 2,962 2,927 2,800 2.6 -1.2 -4.3 0.5 5,098 5,666 5,695 5,365 1.2 Italy TF 43,626 47,704 48,576 50,732 2.9 1.8 4.4 8.3 38,786 43,912 45,488 39,449 8.8 Malta TF 1,339 1,582 1,690 1,791 9.6 6.8 6.0 0.3 1,079 1,404 1,522 1,368 0.3 Montenegro TCE 1,088 1,324 1,350 1,560 4.8 2.0 15.5 0.3 732 884 906 902 0.2 Portugal TCE 6,832 8,301 9,277 10,176 8.0 11.8 9.7 1.7 10,077 12,284 13,808 12,606 2.8 San Marino THS 60 71 75 54 1.5 6.3 -27.7 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. Serbia TCE 683 922 1,029 1,132 13.8 11.6 10.1 0.2 798 1,053 1,139 1,048 0.2 Slovenia TCE 1,869 2,259 2,411 2,707 4.8 6.7 12.3 0.4 2,552 2,713 2,737 2,504 0.6 Spain TF 52,677 60,675 64,939 68,215 5.6 7.0 5.0 11.2 54,641 62,637 65,111 56,526 12.5 Turkey TF 31,364 37,795 39,811 39,478 5.9 5.3 -0.8 6.5 22,585 27,997 29,552 26,616 5.9 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

4. 4 UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition to forecasts prepared by UNWTO in January 2016, based on current trends, economic prospects and the outlook of experts. By region, Asia and the Pacific and the Americas (both +4% to +5%) are estimated to be leading that growth, followed by Europe (+3.5% to +4.5%). The projections for Africa and the Middle East (both +2% to +5%) are positive, although with a larger degree of uncertainty and volatility. Slightly more travel by air than surface In 2015, slightly over half of all overnight visitors travelled to their destination by air (54%), while the remainder travelled by surface transport (46%) – whether by road (39%), rail (2%) or water (5%). The trend over time has been for air transport to grow at a somewhat faster pace than surface transport, thus the share of air transport is gradually increasing. Over half of visits for leisure purposes Travel for holidays, recreation and other forms of leisure accounted for just over half of all international tourist arrivals in 2015 (53% or 632 million). Some 14% of all international tourists reported travelling for business and professional purposes, and another 27% travelled for other reasons such as visiting friends and relatives (VFR), religious reasons and pilgrimages, health treatment, etc. The purpose of visit for the remaining 6% of arrivals was not specified. International tourist arrivals Sixth consecutive year of robust growth The number of international tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) in 2015 reached a total of 1186 million, an increase of 52 million over the previous year. Representing an increase of close to 5%, this marks the 6th consecutive year of above- average growth following the 2009 global economic crisis, with international arrivals increasing by 4% or more every year since 2010. Demand was robust overall, although results were more mixed than usual across destinations. Three major factors influenced tourism flows in 2015: the unusually strong exchange rate fluctuations, the decline in the price of oil and other commodities which increased disposable income in importing countries but weakened tourism demand in exporting countries, as well as increased global concern about safety and security. By UNWTO region, the Americas and Asia and the Pacific both recorded close to 6% growth in international tourist arrivals, with Europe recording 5%. Arrivals in the Middle East increased by 2%, while in Africa comparatively limited data points to an estimated 3% decline, mostly due to the weak results in North Africa. By subregion, the best results were recorded by South- East Asia (+8%), Oceania, the Caribbean, Central America and Northern Europe (all +7%), followed by North America and South America (both +6%). International arrivals are expected to continue to grow at a sustained rate of 3.5% to 4.5% worldwide in 2016 according International tourist arrivals (million) Market share (%) Change (%) Average a year (%) 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2014 2015* 2015* 13/12 14/13 15*/14 2005-’15* World 435 527 674 809 950 1,134 1,186 100 4.6 4.2 4.6 3.9 Advanced economies 1 299 339 424 470 516 622 653 55.0 4.6 5.7 5.0 3.3 Emerging economies 1 136 188 250 339 434 512 533 45.0 4.6 2.4 4.1 4.6 By UNWTO regions: Europe 261.5 304.5 386.6 453.2 489.4 580.2 607.7 51.2 4.8 2.3 4.7 3.0 Northern Europe 28.7 36.4 44.8 59.9 62.8 70.8 75.9 6.4 2.4 5.3 7.3 2.4 Western Europe 108.6 112.2 139.7 141.7 154.4 174.4 180.0 15.2 2.8 2.1 3.2 2.4 Central/Eastern Europe 33.9 57.9 69.6 95.3 98.9 120.2 126.6 10.7 7.7 -6.2 5.3 2.9 Southern/Medit. Europe 90.3 98.0 132.6 156.4 173.3 214.8 225.2 19.0 5.6 6.9 4.8 3.7 -of which EU-28 230.1 268.0 330.5 367.9 384.3 454.1 478.4 40.3 3.9 4.8 5.4 2.7 Asia and the Pacific 55.9 82.1 110.4 154.0 205.5 264.3 279.2 23.5 6.9 5.7 5.6 6.1 North-East Asia 26.4 41.3 58.3 85.9 111.5 136.3 142.1 12.0 3.4 7.3 4.3 5.2 South-East Asia 21.2 28.5 36.3 49.0 70.5 97.3 104.6 8.8 11.3 3.0 7.6 7.9 Oceania 5.2 8.1 9.6 10.9 11.4 13.3 14.2 1.2 4.6 6.1 7.4 2.7 South Asia 3.2 4.2 6.1 8.2 12.1 17.5 18.3 1.5 12.1 9.6 4.4 8.4 Americas 92.8 108.9 128.2 133.3 150.2 181.9 192.6 16.2 3.0 8.5 5.9 3.7 North America 71.8 80.5 91.5 89.9 99.5 120.9 127.6 10.8 3.6 9.7 5.5 3.6 Caribbean 11.4 14.0 17.1 18.8 19.5 22.3 23.9 2.0 2.7 5.5 7.4 2.4 Central America 1.9 2.6 4.3 6.3 7.9 9.6 10.3 0.9 2.6 5.6 7.1 5.0 South America 7.7 11.7 15.3 18.3 23.2 29.1 30.8 2.6 1.4 7.1 5.8 5.3 Africa 14.8 18.7 26.2 34.8 50.4 55.3 53.5 4.5 4.4 1.1 -3.3 4.4 North Africa 8.4 7.3 10.2 13.9 19.7 20.4 18.0 1.5 5.8 -1.4 -11.7 2.6 Subsaharan Africa 6.4 11.5 16.0 20.9 30.7 34.9 35.4 3.0 3.6 2.7 1.6 5.4 Middle East 9.6 12.7 22.4 33.7 54.7 52.4 53.3 4.5 -2.9 6.7 1.7 4.7 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) 1 Classification based on the International Monetary Fund (IMF); see the Statistical Annex of the IMF World Economic Outlook of April 2016, page 146, at www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=29. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

5. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition 5 Inbound tourism by purpose of visit, 2015* (share) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © International tourism receipts Local currencies, constant prices (% change) Market share (%) Receipts (US$) Receipts (euro) (billion) per arrival (billion) per arrival 12/11 13/12 14/13 15*/14 2015* 2014 2015* 2015* 2014 2015* 2015* World 4.3 5.9 5.1 4.4 100 1,309 1,260 1,060 986 1,136 960 Advanced economies 1 3.6 6.1 4.9 3.1 61.5 829 774 1,190 624 698 1,070 Emerging economies 1 5.4 5.5 5.5 6.7 38.5 481 486 910 362 438 820 By UNWTO regions: Europe 1.8 4.1 4.3 3.0 35.8 513.5 450.7 740 386.6 406.2 670 Northern Europe 3.3 7.5 6.4 7.6 6.2 82.5 78.4 1,030 62.1 70.7 930 Western Europe 2.7 2.2 3.3 0.2 11.6 173.7 146.4 810 130.7 131.9 730 Central/Eastern Europe 4.3 3.5 -0.9 -0.4 4.0 58.2 50.1 400 43.8 45.2 360 Southern/Medit. Europe -0.3 4.8 6.1 5.0 14.0 199.2 175.8 780 149.9 158.4 700 -of which EU-28 1.5 3.8 4.6 3.4 29.6 427.3 373.4 780 321.6 336.5 700 Asia and the Pacific 7.6 9.3 5.3 4.0 33.2 420.1 418.3 1,500 316.2 377.0 1,350 North-East Asia 8.6 10.4 6.1 0.8 18.8 238.0 236.7 1,670 179.1 213.3 1,500 South-East Asia 10.9 10.6 2.0 7.8 8.6 108.1 108.3 1,030 81.4 97.6 930 Oceania -1.8 2.0 7.2 9.9 3.3 44.6 41.9 2,940 33.6 37.8 2,650 South Asia 4.9 8.7 8.5 7.1 2.5 29.4 31.4 1,720 22.1 28.3 1,550 Americas 4.7 6.7 6.4 7.8 24.1 288.0 303.7 1,580 216.8 273.7 1,420 North America 5.0 7.4 6.6 8.2 18.9 225.0 238.5 1,870 169.3 214.9 1,680 Caribbean 1.2 3.7 4.8 5.8 2.2 26.7 28.1 1,170 20.1 25.3 1,060 Central America 7.8 7.2 6.2 7.3 0.9 10.6 11.5 1,120 8.0 10.4 1,010 South America 4.8 3.4 6.2 7.0 2.0 25.7 25.6 830 19.3 23.0 750 Africa 6.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.6 36.1 33.1 620 27.2 29.8 560 North Africa 8.2 -2.1 5.2 -9.8 0.7 10.6 8.6 470 8.0 7.7 430 Subsaharan Africa 5.5 4.2 1.4 7.5 1.9 25.5 24.5 690 19.2 22.1 620 Middle East 1.8 -4.6 7.4 4.3 4.3 51.6 54.4 1,020 38.8 49.0 920 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) 1 Classification based on the International Monetary Fund (IMF); see the Statistical Annex of the IMF World Economic Outlook of April 2016, page 146, at www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=29. Inbound tourism by mode of transport, 2015* (share) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © Road (39%) Rail (2%) Water (5%) Air (54%) VFR, health, religion, other (27%) Business and professional (14%) Not specified (6%) Leisure, recreation and holidays (53%) International tourism receipts International tourism represents 7% of worldwide exports Expenditure by international visitors on accommodation, food and drink, entertainment, shopping and other services and goods in the destinations reached US$ 1260 billion (euro 1136 billion) in 2015. In real terms, i.e. taking into account exchange rate fluctuations and inflation, this represents an increase of 4.4% over 2014, mirroring the growth in international arrivals. Unusually strong exchange rate fluctuations in 2015 significantly influenced tourism receipts for individual destinations and regions expressed in US dollars. In real terms, receipts grew by 8% in the Americas, by 4% in both Asia and the Pacific and the Middle East, by 3% in Europe, and by 2% in Africa. In macro-economic terms, expenditure by international visitors counts as exports for the destination country and as imports for the country of residence of the visitor. For many countries inbound tourism is a vital source of foreign currency earnings and an important contributor to the economy, creating much- needed employment and further opportunities for development. In addition to receipts earned in the destinations (the travel item of the balance of payments), international tourism also generated US$ 211 billion in exports through international passenger transport services rendered to non-residents in 2015. Adding these together, the value of tourism exports amounted to US$ 1.5 trillion, or US$ 4 billion a day on average. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

14. 14 UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition UNWTO Tourism Towards 2030 Long-term forecasts Substantial potential for further growth UNWTO Tourism Towards 2030 is UNWTO’s long-term outlook, and an assessment of the development of tourism over the two decades from 2010 to 2030. It is a broad research project, building on UNWTO’s ongoing work in the field of long-term forecasting initiated in the 1990s. This study replaces the earlier Tourism 2020 Vision, which has become a worldwide reference for international tourism forecasts. Key outputs of Tourism Towards 2030 are quantitative projections for international tourism demand over a 20-year period, with 2010 as the base year, and ending in 2030. The updated forecast has been enriched with an analysis of the social, political, economic, environmental and technological factors that have shaped tourism in the past, and which are expected to influence the sector in the future. According to Tourism Towards 2030, the number of international tourist arrivals worldwide is expected to increase by an average of 3.3% a year over the period 2010 to 2030. Over time, the rate of growth will gradually slow, from 3.8% at the beginning of the period to 2.9% in 2030, but this is on top of growing base numbers. In absolute numbers, international tourist arrivals will increase by some 43 million a year, compared with an average increase of 28 million a year during the period 1995 to 2010. At the projected rate of growth, international tourist arrivals worldwide are expected to reach 1.4 billion by 2020 and 1.8 billion by the year 2030. International tourist arrivals in the emerging economy destinations of Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, Eastern Mediterranean Europe, the Middle East and Africa will grow at double the rate (+4.4% a year) of that in advanced economy destinations (+2.2% a year). As a result, the number of arrivals in emerging economies is expected to exceed those in advanced economies before 2020. In 2030, 57% of international arrivals will be in emerging economy destinations (versus 30% in 1980) and 43% in advanced economy destinations (versus 70% in 1980). The strongest growth by region will be seen in Asia and the Pacific, where arrivals are forecast to increase by 331 million to reach 535 million in 2030 (+4.9% per year). The Middle East and Africa are also expected to more than double their number of arrivals during this period, from 61 million to 149 million and from 50 million to 134 million respectively. Europe (from 475 million to 744 million) and the Americas (from 150 million to 248 million) will grow comparatively more slowly. Thanks to their faster growth, the global market shares of Asia and the Pacific (to 30% in 2030, up from 22% in 2010), the Middle East (to 8% from 6%) and Africa (to 7% from 5%) will all increase. As a result, Europe (to 41% from 51%) and the Americas (to 14% from 16%) will experience a further decline in their share of international tourism, mainly because of the slower growth of the comparatively mature destinations in North America, Northern Europe and Western Europe. UNWTO Tourism Towards 2030: Actual trend and forecast 1950-2030 Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © ■ Africa ■ Middle East ■ Americas ■ Asia and the Pacific ■ Europe 1.8 bn 1.4 bn 940 mn Actual Forecasts 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 International tourist arrivals received (million) http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

15. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition 15 UNWTO tourism towards 2030: International tourism by region of destination International tourist arrivals received (million) Average a year (%) Share (%) Actual data Projections Actual data Projections 1980 1995 2010 2020 2030 1980-’95 ‘95-2010 2010-’30, of which 2010 2030 2010-’20 2020-’30 World 277 528 940 1,360 1,809 4.4 3.9 3.3 3.8 2.9 100 100 to advanced economies 1 194 334 498 643 772 3.7 2.7 2.2 2.6 1.8 53 43 to emerging economies 1 83 193 442 717 1,037 5.8 5.7 4.4 4.9 3.8 47 57 By UNWTO regions: Africa 7.2 18.9 50.3 85 134 6.7 6.7 5.0 5.4 4.6 5.3 7.4 North Africa 4.0 7.3 18.7 31 46 4.1 6.5 4.6 5.2 4.0 2.0 2.5 West and Central Africa 1.0 2.3 6.8 13 22 5.9 7.5 5.9 6.5 5.4 0.7 1.2 East Africa 1.2 5.0 12.1 22 37 10.1 6.1 5.8 6.2 5.4 1.3 2.1 Southern Africa 1.0 4.3 12.6 20 29 10.1 7.4 4.3 4.5 4.1 1.3 1.6 Americas 62.3 109.0 149.7 199 248 3.8 2.1 2.6 2.9 2.2 15.9 13.7 North America 48.3 80.7 98.2 120 138 3.5 1.3 1.7 2.0 1.4 10.4 7.6 Caribbean 6.7 14.0 20.1 25 30 5.0 2.4 2.0 2.4 1.7 2.1 1.7 Central America 1.5 2.6 7.9 14 22 3.8 7.7 5.2 6.0 4.5 0.8 1.2 South America 5.8 11.7 23.6 40 58 4.8 4.8 4.6 5.3 3.9 2.5 3.2 Asia and the Pacific 22.8 82.0 204.0 355 535 8.9 6.3 4.9 5.7 4.2 21.7 29.6 North-East Asia 10.1 41.3 111,5 195 293 9.9 6.8 4.9 5.7 4.2 11.9 16.2 South-East Asia 8.2 28.4 69.9 123 187 8.7 6.2 5.1 5.8 4.3 7.4 10.3 Oceania 2.3 8.1 11.6 15 19 8.7 2.4 2.4 2.9 2.0 1.2 1.0 South Asia 2.2 4.2 11.1 21 36 4.3 6.6 6.0 6.8 5.3 1.2 2.0 Europe 177.3 304.1 475.3 620 744 3.7 3.0 2.3 2.7 1.8 50.6 41.1 Northern Europe 20.4 35.8 57.7 72 82 3.8 3.2 1.8 2.2 1.4 6.1 4.5 Western Europe 68.3 112.2 153.7 192 222 3.4 2.1 1.8 2.3 1.4 16.3 12.3 Central/Eastern Europe 26.6 58.1 95.0 137 176 5.3 3.3 3.1 3.7 2.5 10.1 9.7 Southern/Medit. Europe 61.9 98.0 168.9 219 264 3.1 3.7 2.3 2.6 1.9 18.0 14.6 Middle East 7.1 13.7 60.9 101 149 4.5 10.5 4.6 5.2 4.0 6.5 8.2 Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © (Data collected by UNWTO, September 2011) 1 Classification based on the International Monetary Fund (IMF); see the Statistical Annex of the IMF World Economic Outlook of April 2012, page 177, at www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01. UNWTO Tourism Highlights is a World Tourism Organization publication which aims to provide an overview of international tourism trends during the year prior to its date of publication. The report was prepared by UNWTO’s Tourism Market Trends Programme. For individual countries and territories, information re fl ects data as reported by national or international institutions up until July 2016. For information on current short-term tourism data and trends, please refer to the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer : mkt.unwto.org/barometer. Copyright © 2016. World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) All rights reserved. The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), a United Nations specialized agency, is the leading international organization with a decisive and central role in promoting the development of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. It serves as a global forum for tourism policy issues, and as a practical source of tourism know-how. Its membership includes 157 countries, 6 Associate Members and over 500 Affiliate Members. Cover image: Karnak Temple Complex, Luxor, Egypt. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinions whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Calle Capitán Haya, 42 28020 Madrid, Spain Tel.: (+34) 915 678 100 Fax: (+34) 915 713 733 Website: www.unwto.org Email: omt@unwto.org Follow us on: http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

13. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition 13 Destinations International tourist arrivals by region of origin (million) Market share (%) Change (%) Average a year (%) 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015* 2015* 14/13 15*/14 2005-15* World 435 527 674 809 950 994 1,040 1,088 1,134 1,186 100 4.2 4.6 3.9 From: Europe 250.7 304.0 390.3 452.3 497.0 518.8 537.7 560.7 571.7 594.1 50.1 2.0 3.9 2.8 Asia and the Pacific 58.7 86.3 114.1 152.8 205.9 220.6 236.5 253.7 271.6 289.5 24.4 7.1 6.6 6.6 Americas 99.3 108.1 130.6 136.5 156.0 163.5 170.8 175.9 188.8 199.4 16.8 7.4 5.6 3.9 Middle East 8.2 8.5 12.8 21.4 33.3 31.7 33.3 35.1 36.8 36.3 3.1 4.9 -1.6 5.4 Africa 9.8 11.5 14.9 19.3 28.3 30.0 31.0 32.0 34.4 35.4 3.0 7.3 2.9 6.2 Origin not specified 1 7.9 8.6 11.1 26.7 29.8 29.5 31.2 31.0 30.8 31.5 2.7 Same region 349.1 423.1 532.9 632.3 728.9 767.0 802.1 838.7 872.0 912.7 76.9 4.0 4.7 3.7 Other regions 77.6 95.3 129.8 149.9 191.5 197.6 207.2 218.7 231.3 242.0 20.4 5.8 4.6 4.9 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) 1 Countries that cannot be allocated to a specific region of origin. As information is derived from inbound tourism data, this occurs when data on the country of origin is missing, or when a category such as ‘other countries of the world’ is used, grouping countries together that are not separately specified. China, the United States and the United Kingdom led outbound tourism in their respective regions in 2015, fuelled by strong currencies and economies. China continues to lead global outbound travel, after registering double-digit growth in tourism expenditure every year since 2004, benefitting Asian destinations such as Japan and Thailand as well as the United States and various European destinations. Spending by Chinese travellers increased by 26% in 2015 to reach US$ 292 billion, as the total number of outbound travellers rose by 10% to 128 million. Tourism expenditure from the world’s second largest source market, the United States, increased to US$ 113 billion in 2015, while the number of outbound travellers grew to 73 million. The United Kingdom, the fourth largest source market, led growth in outbound demand in Europe, supported by a strong British pound in relation to the euro. UK residents’ visits abroad were up by 5 million to 64 million in 2015, with US$ 63 billion spent in international tourism. Demand from other major markets was more subdued, partly due to weaker currencies. Germany remained the third largest source market with a slight decrease in expenditure last year to US$ 78 billion. France (US$ 38 billion) also reported a decline, but still moved up one place in the ranking to 5th position. The Russian Federation (US$ 35 billion) moved down one place to 6th position despite a 10% increase in expenditure in 2015. Canada remained in 7th place with US$ 29 billion in expenditure. The Republic of Korea reported a robust increase in spending to US$ 25 billion, and moved up six places to enter the Top 10 in 8th place. As a consequence, Italy (US$ 24 billion) and Australia (US$ 23 billion) both moved down one place in the ranking to 9th and 10th position respectively. Other source markets in addition to the Top 10 which showed double-digit growth in expenditure last year were: Spain, Sweden, Taiwan (pr. of China), Kuwait, the Philippines, Thailand, Argentina, the Czech Republic, Israel, Egypt, and South Africa. Top spenders in international tourism The Republic of Korea enters the Top 10 source markets Rank International tourism expenditure 1 (US$ billion) Local currencies change (%) Market share (%) Population (million) Expenditure per capita (US$) International departures (million) 2014 2015* 14/13 15*/14 2015* 2015 2015* Series 2014 2015 1 China 234.7 292.2 n/a 26.2 23.2 1,375 213 VD 116.6 127.9 2 United States 105.5 112.9 7.6 7.0 9.0 322 351 TD 68.2 73.5 3 Germany 93.3 77.5 2.1 -0.6 6.2 82 946 TD 83.0 .. 4 United Kingdom 62.6 63.3 3.5 8.9 5.0 65 972 TD 58.4 64.2 5 France 48.7 38.4 15.4 -5.6 3.0 64 598 TD 28.2 .. 6 Russian Federation 50.4 34.9 13.7 10.0 2.8 146 239 VD 45.9 36.8 7 Canada 33.8 29.4 3.3 0.6 2.3 36 820 TD 33.5 32.3 8 Korea (ROK) 23.2 25.0 3.0 15.6 2.0 51 493 VD 16.1 19.3 9 Italy 28.8 24.4 6.9 1.4 1.9 61 402 TD 27.2 27.5 10 Australia 26.4 23.5 -1.3 6.9 1.9 24 978 VD 9.1 9.5 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) 1 Note that due to changes in methodology China substantially revised its international tourism expenditure series upwards for 2015 and retrospectively for 2014, while the United States revised its series downwards from 2013 on. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

3. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition 3 Long-term outlook ¡ International tourist arrivals worldwide are expected to increase by 3.3% a year between 2010 and 2030 to reach 1.8 billion by 2030, according to UNWTO’s long-term forecast report Tourism Towards 2030. ¡ Between 2010 and 2030, arrivals in emerging destinations (+4.4% a year) are expected to increase at twice the rate of those in advanced economies (+2.2% a year). ¡ The market share of emerging economies increased from 30% in 1980 to 45% in 2015, and is expected to reach 57% by 2030, equivalent to over 1 billion international tourist arrivals. International tourism in 2015 – Key trends and outlook ¡ The number of international tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) in 2015 increased by 4.6% to reach a total of 1186 million worldwide, an increase of 52 million over the previous year. It was the sixth consecutive year of above-average growth in international tourism following the 2009 global economic crisis. ¡ Tourism flows were influenced by three major factors in 2015: the unusually strong exchange rate fluctuations, the decline in the price of oil and other commodities, and increased global concern about safety and security. ¡ By UNWTO region, the Americas and Asia and the Pacific both recorded close to 6% growth in international tourist arrivals, with Europe, the world’s most visited region, recording 5%. Arrivals in the Middle East increased by 2%, while in Africa they declined by 3%, mostly due to weak results in North Africa. ¡ International tourism receipts grew by 4.4% in real terms (taking into account exchange rate fluctuations and inflation) with total earnings in the destinations estimated at US$ 1260 billion worldwide in 2015 (euro 1136 billion). ¡ France, the United States, Spain and China continued to top the rankings in both international arrivals and receipts. In receipts, Thailand climbed three places to 6th position, and Hong Kong (China) climbed one place to 9th. Mexico moved up one position to come 9th in arrivals. ¡ China, the United States and the United Kingdom led outbound tourism in their respective regions in 2015, fuelled by strong currencies and economies. ¡ Forecasts prepared by UNWTO in January 2016 point to a continuation of growth in international tourist arrivals at a rate of between 3.5% and 4.5% in 2016, in line with the Tourism Towards 2030 long-term projection of 3.8% growth a year for the period 2010 to 2020 To u r i s m key figures 1 0 % (direct, indirect an d induced impact) Source: World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) 1 / 11 US $ 1.5 trillion 7 % of the world’s exports from 25 million in 1950 to 1186 million in 2015 1.8 billion forecast for 2030 5 to 6 billion GDP Jobs Exports International tourists Domestic tourists World inbound tourism Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 –––– International tourism arrivals –––– International tourism receipts (real terms) Index 1995 = 100 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Source: World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

16. PUBLICATIONS UNWTO World Tourism Barometer The UNWTO World Tourism Barometer and accompanying Statistical Annex aim to provide tourism stakeholders with up-to-date statistics and analysis in a timely fashion. The information is updated six times a year and covers short- term tourism trends, including a retrospective and prospective assessment of current tourism performance by the UNWTO Panel of Tourism Experts. Available in English, with the Statistical Annex also available in French, Spanish and Russian. Tourism in the Mediterranean, 2015 edition The new UNWTO Tourism Trends Snapshot series provides a closer look at selected tourism topics. The first issue Tourism in the Mediterranean, 2015 edition provides insight into the general trends in terms of arrivals and receipts in the Mediterranean region, the performance of the individual destinations, the long-term trends up to 2030 as well as the opportunities and challenges. Available in English. Tourism Towards 2030 UNWTO Tourism Towards 2030 is UNWTO’s long-term outlook and assessment of future tourism trends. Key outputs of the study are quantitative projections for international tourism flows up to 2030, based on data series of international tourist arrivals by subregion of destination, region of origin and mode of transport. Available in English. UNWTO/GTERC Asia Tourism Trends The annual Asia Tourism Trends series includes an analysis of recent tourism trends in Asia, with emphasis on international tourist arrivals and receipts as well as outbound tourism and expenditure. Furthermore, this report also highlights other relevant topics relating to tourism development in Asia and the Pacific. Available in English. Compendium of Tourism Statistics, 2016 Edition. Data 2010–2014 The Compendium provides statistical data and indicators on inbound, outbound and domestic tourism, as well as on tourism industries, employment and relevant macroeconomic indicators. The 2016 edition presents data for 200 countries, with methodological notes in English, French and Spanish. Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, 2016 Edition. Data 2010–2014 The Yearbook of Tourism Statistics focuses on data relating to inbound tourism (arrivals and nights), broken down by country of origin. The 2016 edition presents data for 196 countries, with methodological notes in English, French and Spanish. Marketing Handbooks: E-Marketing for Tourism Destinations Tourism Product Development Tourism Destination Branding This series of Marketing Handbooks developed by UNWTO and the European Travel Commission (ETC) addresses key components of the marketing and promotion of tourism destinations. The handbooks provide a comprehensive overview of current strategies and best practices with regard to, among others, product development, destination branding and e-marketing, complemented with case studies and best practice recommendations. The Decision-making Process of Meetings, Congresses, Conventions and Incentives Organizers This ETC/UNWTO study aims at providing a better understanding of the Meetings Industry and the way in which meeting and events organizers make decisions. The study offers a wide-ranging overview of the MCCI segments, as well as a comprehensive analysis of planners’ needs and expectations with respect to destination and venue choice, complemented with best-practice examples. Available in English.   Outbound Travel Market studies: Key Outbound Tourism Markets in South-East Asia The Indian Outbound Travel Market The Russian Outbound Travel Market The Middle East Outbound Travel Market The Chinese Outbound Travel Market The Outbound Travel Market series offers a unique insight into fast-growing source markets around the world. UNWTO and ETC have analysed the key outbound markets of China, Brazil, the Russian Federation, India and the Middle East. Jointly with Tourism Australia, UNWTO has covered the key South-East Asian markets of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Available in English. Understanding Russian Outbound Tourism Understanding Brazilian Outbound Tourism Understanding Chinese Outbound Tourism The innovative UNWTO/ETC Understanding Outbound Tourism Netnographic series explores the behaviour and mind-set of outbound travellers based on internet and social media activity. Available in English. UNWTO publications are available in electronic format and print. Please visit publications.unwto.org for more information. Full, Associate and Affiliate Members of UNWTO can access publications free of charge through the UNWTO elibrary. http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

6. 6 UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition it is interesting to note that seven destinations appear in the Top 10 of both rankings, despite showing marked differences in terms of the type of tourists they attract, average length of stay, and spending per trip and per night. In the case of international tourism receipts, changes in the ranking not only reflect relative performance, but also exchange rate fluctuations between the local currencies and the US dollar. This was particularly the case in 2015, when the US dollar appreciated considerably against the euro and many other world currencies. The top four places in the ranking by international arrivals and the ranking by receipts are occupied by the same countries, albeit in a different order. The United States is the world’s top tourism earner with US$ 205 billion recorded in 2015, and the number two destination in international arrivals with 78 million. China is the second largest earner with US$ 114 billion, and fourth in arrivals with 57 million. Spain comes third, both in receipts (US$ 57 billion) and in arrivals (68 million). France is the fourth largest tourism earner with US$ 46 billion reported in 2015, but the world’s top destination in terms of arrivals with 84 million tourists in 2015. The United Kingdom held on to 5th place in receipts and 8th in arrivals. Thailand climbed three places to reach number 6 in receipts (and also up three places in arrivals to 11th). Italy has consolidated its position in 5th place in arrivals, and moved down one place to 7th in earnings. Germany moved down one place in earnings to 8th and held on to 7th place in arrivals. Turkey remains 6th in arrivals (and 12th in receipts). Mexico climbed one place to 9th in arrivals (and moved up six places to 16th in receipts). The Russian Federation moved down one place to 10th in tourist arrivals (and down five places to come 34th in tourism receipts). Completing the Top 10 in international tourism receipts are the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions (SARs), Hong Kong (up one place to 9th) and Macao (10th). 1990 1995 2000 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015* 13/12 14/13 15*/14 13/12 14/13 15*/14 International tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) Change (%) Million 435 527 674 809 911 928 892 950 994 1,040 1,088 1,134 1,186 4.6 4.2 4.6 Index (2008=100) 100 96 102 107 112 117 122 128 International tourism receipts Current price (%) Constant price (%) Local currencies 8.4 7.3 5.5 5.9 5.1 4.4 Index (2008=100) (constant price) 100 95 101 106 110 116 122 128 US$ billion 271 415 495 706 896 987 905 986 1,104 1,146 1,241 1,309 1,260 8.2 5.5 -3.8 6.7 3.9 -3.9 Euro billion 213 317 536 568 654 671 649 744 793 892 934 986 1,136 4.7 5.5 15.2 3.3 5.1 15.2 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) International tourism receipts 1 US$ Local currencies (billion) Change (%) Change (%) Rank 2014 2015* 14/13 15*/14 14/13 15*/14 1 United States 191.3 204.5 7.8 6.9 7.8 6.9 2 China 105.4 114.1 n/a 8.3 n/a 9.8 3 Spain 65.1 56.5 3.9 -13.2 3.9 4.0 4 France 58.1 45.9 2.8 -21.0 2.8 -5.4 5 United Kingdom 46.5 45.5 11.8 -2.3 6.2 5.2 6 Thailand 38.4 44.6 -8.0 16.0 -2.7 22.0 7 Italy 45.5 39.4 3.6 -13.3 3.6 3.8 8 Germany 43.3 36.9 4.9 -14.9 4.9 1.9 9 Hong Kong (China) 38.4 36.2 -1.4 -5.8 -1.5 -5.8 10 Macao (China) 42.6 31.3 -1.1 -26.4 -1.1 -26.5 (Data as collected by UNWTO, July 2016) International tourist arrivals (million) Change (%) Rank Series 2014 2015* 14/13 15*/14 1 France TF 83.7 84.5 0.1 0.9 2 United States TF 75.0 77.5 7.2 3.3 3 Spain TF 64.9 68.2 7.0 5.0 4 China TF 55.6 56.9 -0.1 2.3 5 Italy TF 48.6 50.7 1.8 4.4 6 Turkey TF 39.8 39.5 5.3 -0.8 7 Germany TCE 33.0 35.0 4.6 6.0 8 United Kingdom TF 32.6 34.4 5.0 5.6 9 Mexico TF 29.3 32.1 21.5 9.4 10 Russian Federation TF 29.8 31.3 5.3 5.0 Source: World Tourism Organizati on (UNWTO) ©. Please see page 9 for symbols and abbreviations. Please. 1 Note that China, the United States and the United Kingdom substantially revised their international tourism receipts series upwards for 2015 and retrospectively for some previous years, due to changes in methodology. International tourism (comprising both earnings in destinations and passenger transport) represents 30% of services exports. The share of tourism in overall exports of goods and services increased from 6% to 7% in 2015 as international tourism outgrew world merchandise trade for the fourth consecutive year. In this period merchandise trade increased by between 2% to 3% a year according to data reported by the World Trade Organization. As a worldwide export category, tourism ranks third after fuels and chemicals, and ahead of food and automotive products. In many developing countries, tourism ranks as the first export sector. Tourism is increasingly an essential component of export diversification, both for emerging and advanced economies. In recent years tourism has shown a strong capacity to compensate for weaker export revenues in many commodity and oil exporting countries. World’s top tourism destinations The United States, China, Spain and France remain on top Two changes took place in the Top 10 ranking by international tourism receipts in 2015, and one in the Top 10 by international tourist arrivals. Following the strong rebound last year, Thailand jumped from 9th to 6th place in tourism receipts, while Hong Kong (China) moved up one position to 9th from 10th. In the ranking by arrivals, Mexico climbed one place to 9th from 10th. When ranking the world’s top international tourism destinations, it is preferable to take more than a single indicator into account. Ranked according to the two key inbound tourism indicators – international tourist arrivals and international tourism receipts – http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

2. 2 UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2016 Edition Contents International tourist arrivals 4 International tourism receipts 5 World’s top tourism destinations 6 Regional results 7 Europe 8 Asia and the Pacific 9 Americas 10 Africa 11 Middle East 12 Outbound tourism 12 Top outbound markets 13 UNWTO Tourism Towards 2030 14 About UNWTO The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations specialized agency mandated with the promotion of respondable, sustainable and universally accesible tourism. For more information see: unwto.org www.unwto.org/annualreports Tourism, key to development, prosperity and well-being ¡ An ever-increasing number of destinations worldwide have opened up to, and invested in tourism, turning it into a key driver of socio-economic progress through the creation of jobs and enterprises, export revenues, and infrastructure development. ¡ Over the past six decades, tourism has experienced continued expansion and diversification to become one of the largest and fastest-growing economic sectors in the world. Many new destinations have emerged in addition to the traditional favourites of Europe and North America. ¡ Tourism has boasted virtually uninterrupted growth over time, despite occasional shocks, demonstrating the sector’s strength and resilience. International tourist arrivals have increased from 25 million globally in 1950 to 278 million in 1980, 674 million in 2000, and 1186 million in 2015. ¡ Likewise, international tourism receipts earned by destinations worldwide have surged from US$ 2 billion in 1950 to US$ 104 billion in 1980, US$ 495 billion in 2000, and US$ 1260 billion in 2015. ¡ Tourism is a major category of international trade in services. In addition to receipts earned in destinations, international tourism also generated US$ 211 billion in exports through international passenger transport services rendered to non-residents in 2015, bringing the total value of tourism exports up to US$ 1.5 trillion, or US$ 4 billion a day on average. ¡ International tourism now represents 7% of the world’s exports in goods and services, up from 6% in 2014, as tourism has grown faster than world trade over the past four years. ¡ As a worldwide export category, tourism ranks third after fuels and chemicals and ahead of food and automotive products. In many developing countries, tourism ranks as the first export sector. International tourism in 2015 Americas 193 million (16%) 304 US$ bn (24%) Middle East 53 million (4%) 54 US$ bn (4%) Europe 608 million (51%) 451 US$ bn (36%) Africa 53 million (5%) 33 US$ bn (3%) Asia and the Pacific 279 million (24%) 418 US$ bn (33%) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © World International tourist arrivals: 118 6 million International tourism receipts: US$ 1260 billion http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284418145 - Monday, October 03, 2016 7:38:46 AM - Ministerio de Turismo de Cuba IP Address:200.55.188.194

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